Władysław Teodor Benda (1873–1948), painter, scenographist, and illustrator, was born in Poznań and died in New York. Many of Benda’s works were destroyed in a fire in the Polish library and museum of the Polish National Alliance College in Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania, in 1931. However, nearly 100 posters and over 10 of Benda’s pastels, gouaches, watercolors and drawings are preserved in the PMA. They present a variety of themes: nature, portraits of women, and historical subjects (the most numerous of his works). Posters relating to World War I constitute a large collection. Two masks by Benda of the face of Helena Modrzejewska (Modjeska), a relative of the artist, are also in the collection. The PMA is attempting to gather material from his period as a successful commercial artist in the 1920’s–1940’s.